Menstruation / Period


MENARCHE= 1st menstrual bleeding, usually at age 11-16

MENOPAUSE= starts 12 months after the last menstrual cycle, usually between age 45-55, woman’s estrogen levels decline

MENSTRUATION = PERIOD = menstrual bleeding, partly blood, partly tissue; sign that pregnancy didn’t occur; menstruation usually occurs once per month (regular menstruation); usually occurs on 21-36 days and lasts 2-7 days;

MENSTRUAL CYLE = time between first day of one period and first day of the next period; long menstrual cycles are common in the first years after the menstruation begins, as you age usually shorten and become more regular.

OVULATION = when egg is released from the ovary; during ovulation is the highest chance to get pregnant if live sperm are in the fallopian tubes

DYSMENORRHEA = painful menstrual cramps

PMS = premenstrual syndrome =  physical, mental, behavioral symptoms with various severities

Between menarche and menopause, most women menstruate. Yet for tens of millions of women around the world, menstruation regularly and often catastrophically disrupts their physical, mental, and social well-being. [1]



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